A nurturing space for children ages 2 through kindergarten
For Information Call 540-671-9894

Elementary Scope & Sequence

Our Scope & Sequence consists of the following subject areas: mathematics & geometry, language, history & cultural studies, science, technology, physical education, art, music, and social & emotional development

Mathematics & Geometry 

History of written numerals

Decimal system/Place value

Commutative and distributive laws

Four basic operations

Multiples & factors

Estimating & rounding

Fractions

Decimals

Congruency, similarity, equivalence

Study of lines

Study of angles

Polygons

Perimeter

Measurement

Word problems

Advanced work with fractions & decimals

Ratio, proportion & percentage

Square & cube root

Exponential & scientific notation

Standard & metric measurement

Graphs, tables, & data analysis

Introduction to algebra

Introduction to probability

Word problems

Introduction to theorems

Area of plane figures

Study of the circle

Volume

Geometric construction

 

Language

History of the written language

History of the spoken language

Reading (decoding)

Introduction to a variety of literature

Reading comprehension

Handwriting

Spelling

Vocabulary

Capitalization & punctuation

Sentence & paragraph formation

Composition in a variety of genres

Research and report writing

Word study: compound words, prefix, suffix, homophones, etc.

Grammar

Beginning syntax and semantics

Parts of speech

Introduction to sentence analysis

Literature survey

Study of style

Literary elements

Media

Composition in a variety of genres

Research and report writing

Compound and complex sentences

Advanced work with punctuation

Grammar

Syntax and semantics

Advanced study of parts of speech

Sentence analysis

Oral presentation

Debate

 

History & Cultural Studies

Creation of the universe and earth (scientific & cultural explanations)

Study of the evolution of life

Study of the evolution of human existence

Fundamental needs of human beings

Ancient civilizations

Stories of well known and unknown heroes throughout history

Time: telling time and the use of timelines

Continents and countries of the world

Time zones

Lines of latitude and longitude

Topics, Prime Meridian, International Date Line

Introduction to economic geography

Three phases in history: nomadic, agricultural, urban

Migration

Application of fundamental needs (adaptation, exploration, & invention)

World history

US history

Current events

Political geography

Economic geography

Production/consumption

World trade (imports/exports)

Taxes

 

Science 

Experimentation: purpose, procedure, & observation

Physical geography

Composition of the earth

Land and water forms

River study

Formation of mountains

Three states of matter

Different ways of combining (nature of the elements)

Buoyancy

Solar system

Forces of attraction: gravity, magnetism, centripetal, centrifugal

Relation of the sun and earth

Sunrise/sunset

Rotation and revolution

Effects on temperature

Solstice and equinox

Climatic zones

Life in different climatic zones

Plants: parts and functions

Animals: parts and functions

Simple machines

Experimentation: use of scientific method

Use of microscope

Dissection

Archimedes’ Principle

Mass, volume, density

Newton’s Laws of Motion

Periodic Table

Atomic & molecular structure

Electricity & magnetism

Light & sound

Solar energy & alternate energy sources

Astronomy

Plate tectonics

Global wind patterns

Effects on rain

Effects on ocean currents

Wind and water erosion

Weather

Human Body

Nutrition

Scientific classification of living organisms

Ecosystems

Interdependency of life forms

 

Technology

Responsible use of the Internet

Understanding the use of computer networks

Responsible use of technology and social media

Development of wordprocessing skills

Development of spreadsheet and  presentation applications

Understanding the use of different technology platforms

Use of the Internet for research

 

Physical Education 

Fitness exercises

Setting personal goals

Development of gross motor skills

Body awareness

Balance & transferring weight

Accuracy

Running/sprinting/jogging

Effective use of time, strategy & communication

Teamwork

 

Art

Art is explored through a study of Fine Arts and Cultural/Folk Arts that reflect and integrate with classroom studies each year.

Art Disciplines (in a variety of media):

Drawing

Painting

Sculpture

Carving

Printmaking

Collage

Mosaic

Mixed media

Pottery

Hand building: coil, slab, pinch and sculpture techniques

Wheel throwing

“Craft” (sewing, weaving, paper making, jewelry, calligraphy, origami, basketry, etc.)

Aspects of art:

Color

Pattern

Texture

Perspective

Balance

Value

Line

Shape

Form

Space

Develop comfort with sketching ideas

Introduction to the process of self-critique and reworking

Develop/maintain flexibility in ideas & art process

Refine/expand skills with clay

Study of specific aspects of art

Study of the artwork & style of particular artists

Exploration of personal ideas

Critique and rework ideas

Individualized lessons about throwing on a pottery wheel

Projects require a deeper level of design and often incorporate emphasis on several elements of art

Craft Fair

 

Music

We introduce the world of music to children through an exploration of different musical traditions, performances with instruments and voices, and an understanding of the theory and protocols of music. We integrate music with cultural studies explored concurrently in the classroom.

Music Appreciation

Exploration of cultural traditions in music

Introduction to musical instruments

Composer biographies

Use of stories & poems in songs

Playing Instruments

Percussion instruments

Mallet techniques for xylophone play

Exploration of different rhythmic styles

Group performance activities

Singing

Introduction to voice use

Singing with the scale

Group performance activities

Music Theory

Introduction to musical scale

Learning to read music – simple notations

We explore Western classical music and jazz, perform with different instruments and voices, and delve more deeply into the structure and theory of music.

Music Appreciation

Western classical tradition

Eras in music history

Instruments of the orchestra

Introduction to jazz

Composer biographies

Playing Instruments

Wind and percussion instruments

Introduction to string instruments

Group performance activities

Singing

Vocal harmony

Creativity with lyrics and rhythms

Group performance activities

Music Theory

Working with chords

Music transposition

Reading music – intermediate level

 

Social & Emotional Development

Individualized instruction

Organizational skills

Critical thinking skills

Creativity

Constructive use of freedom

Objective recognition of strengths and weaknesses

Inner sense of responsibility

Independence

Self-initiative

Ability to work collaboratively

Empathy

Appreciation

Conflict resolution strategies

Leadership skills

Interaction with people & places in the community

How to help others and to ask for help

Setting healthy limits and boundaries

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