A nurturing space for children ages 2 through Elementary
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Primary Scope & Sequence

Our Scope and Sequence consists of four subject areas: practical life, sensorial, language, and math. Art, cultural studies, health and physical education, geography, music, and science are interwoven into these four areas.

Practical Life

Transition Exercises: Transition exercises are not specific to practical life exercises. These activities act as a bridge from your home environment to the prepared environment in a Montessori school. These exercises provide a sense of psychological safety for your child when he or she first enters the Community. The exercises include folding, watering a plant, dusting, and cutting. Simple (six- or seven-piece) geometric or jigsaw puzzles as well as plain wooden building blocks are not practical life exercises, but they do serve as transition exercises for the very young or new child. These latter examples are not kept on the practical life shelf but on a separate cupboard.  These activities require a minimal presentation (because of your child’s familiarity with similar activities from home), and the materials for these exercises do not stay in the classroom for very long.

Preliminary Movements: The preliminary exercises are intended to isolate movements needed for future practical life exercises. These exercises allow your child to practice important movements before he or she tackles more complex exercises that incorporate them. If these exercises are not practiced beforehand, your child might become confused with the subsequent, more challenging exercises.

Carrying a Chair

Carrying a Pitcher of Water

Rolling/Unrolling a Rug



Dry Pouring

Pouring Water

Opening and Closing Bottles and Boxes

Care of the Person: The second group of exercises involve care of the person. These activities are related to how your child takes care of his or her body or of things associated with his or her body. This is an important part of your child’s development toward independence and self-confidence. The following are examples of lessons (and materials) in this area:

Washing Hands

Dressing Frames

Polishing Shoes

Dressing and Undressing

Sewing on a Button

Putting On and Taking Off a Piece of Clothing

Care of the Environment: The next group of activities pertains to care of the environment and serves to maintain the everyday surroundings of your child, allowing him or her to learn responsibility and empathy. This group of activities can also occur in the outdoor environment, including planting, watering, and weeding. As with the exercises associated with the care of the person, the adult can adapt these exercises to what is needed in the environment or to meet cultural specificities. The following are examples of lessons (and materials) in this area:

Dusting a Table

Waxing a Table

Washing a Table


Polishing Metal

Washing Cloths

Slicing a Banana

Setting a Table

Biology in Practical Life

  • Watering a Plant
  • Arranging Flowers

Geography in Practical Life

  • Land and Water Forms

Social Relations: Grace and courtesy is the fourth group of exercises and can be summarized as social relations. “Grace” is the coordination of your child’s own body and its movements, and “courtesy” is how your child relates to others. Grace exercises would be how to walk or talk in the prepared environment, and courtesy activities would include how to greet others, when to say “please” and “thank you,” and how to open doors. Learning opportunities for grace and courtesy occur throughout the course of each day for each child, based on the particular circumstances your or another child is in at the moment. These lessons can occur spontaneously.

Analysis and Control of Movement: The final group of exercises in the practical life area is analysis and control of movement. We focus your child on the awareness of the body, its movements, and how to bring it under control of the will, not on the activity outside the body. Examples include walking the line and the silence game. The mindfulness curriculum is found in this area of the curriculum. The epitome of control of movement is when your child chooses not to move or speak for a brief period. This requires your child to have the strength to control his or her will, the epitome of self-control.

As an ancillary, your child will begin to develop the following skills in physical education:

  • appropriate form in locomotor, non-locomotor and manipulative movement skills
  • balance weight/transfer weight
  • toss underhand and overhand while using catching skills to embrace an object
  • run and kick a stationary ball
  • participate in modified games and activities that involve moving in different pathways
  • explore and adapt fundamental movement skills in a variety of dynamic environments


A Montessori classroom allows your child to develop the skills of classifying, refining sensory perceptions, abstracting, enhancing memory, and training his or her mind towards precision. This is the beginning of the development of your child’s mathematical mind and the ability to abstract, and the sensorial materials help lay the seeds for its development or serve as its catalyst.

Memory Games

Tactile Sense

Softening Fingertips

Rough and Smooth Boards 1, 2, 3

Touch Tablets

Fabric Boxes

Thermic Bottles

Thermic Tablets

Baric Tablets

Stereognostic Sense

Geometric Solids

Sorting (Grain Distinction)

Mystery Bag

Visual Sense

Cylinder Blocks

Pink Tower

Brown Stair

Red Rods

Color Tablets

Geometry Cabinet

Visual Sense: Mixed Impressions

The Constructive Triangles

  • Rectangle Box
  • Blue Triangles
  • Triangular Box
  • Small Hexagonal Box
  • Large Hexagonal Box

Binomial Cube

Trinomial Cube

Knobless Cylinders

Graded Geometric Figures

Decanomial Square

 Auditory Sense

Sound Boxes

Montessori Music Bells



Musical Staff I

Musical Staff II

Gustatory Sense

Tasting Bottles

Olfactory Sense

Smelling Jars

Visual/Tactile Sense: Mixed Impressions & Cultural Extensions

Biology in the Sensorial Area

  • Leaf Cabinet
  • Parts of an Animal (bird, frog, etc.)
  • Parts of a Plant

Geography in the Sensorial Area

  • Sandpaper Globe
  • Painted Globe
  • Puzzle Map of the World
  • Puzzle Map of the Child’s Own Continent (North America)
  • Puzzle Map of the Child’s Own Country (United States)
  • Puzzle Maps by Continent of all Countries


List of Expression Exercises






Art Extensions



The language area consists of an evolution from spoken language to writing to reading. In spoken language, we assist your child in developing the ability to communicate orally and to listen expertly. In writing, we assist your child’s language development by preparing the hand and the mind for writing and facilitating your child’s explosion into writing. In reading, we assist in your child’s development by preparing the eye and the mind for reading by learning the mechanics of reading and learning to interpret reading, going from single words to phrases to full sentences, and culminating with total reading where the child employs his or her comprehension with imagination.

Spoken Language

Oral Language

Enrichment of Vocabulary

Sound Game

Music Appreciation

Names of Pitches of C Major Scale

Development of Writing

Sandpaper Letters

Moveable Alphabet

Metal Insets

Development of the Recording Process

Developing of Reading

Phonetic Object Box

Phonetic Word Lists

Phonogram Box

Phonogram Word Lists

Puzzle Words

Reading Classification

Objects in the Environment

Language Extensions in Geography

Language Extensions in Biology, Botany, and Zoology


Word Study

Function of the Word: Definite and Indefinite Article

Function of the Word: Adjective

Function of the Word: Logical Adjective Game

Function of the Word: Detective Adjective

Function of the Word: Conjunction

Function of the Word: Preposition

Function of the Word: Verb

Function of the Word: Adverb

Function of the Word: Logical Adverb

Continuation of Commands

Reading Analysis: Simple Sentences – Stage 1

Reading Analysis: Simple Sentences – Stage 2

Reading Analysis: Simple Sentences with Extensions, Attributes, & Appositions

Spanish: The overall goal of foreign language is to expose your child to something that creates enjoyment, awareness, and an eagerness to learn more. We expect early exposure to another language to facilitate understanding and speaking and provide a foundation that will allow greater ease in later study. The study of a foreign language may be viewed as one more learning experience within the prepared environment – offered, not imposed, in ways that will attract children’s natural interest.

Learning a foreign language and learning about the culture of another country enhances children’s personal growth and expands their intellectual horizons. They enjoy learning to listen and read in Spanish, expand their Spanish vocabulary, sing songs, recite poetry, and play games using their Spanish vocabulary knowledge. Concepts covered in pre-kindergarten and kindergarten include: simple greetings and goodbyes, calendar vocabulary, numbers, colors, classroom vocabulary, parts of the body, family members, fruits, and holidays/seasonal vocabulary.



When we look at the whole of the math area, it can be summarized as five groups of activities: The 1-10 work, the Decimal System work, Continuation of Counting work, Memorization work, and Passage to Abstraction work. The Numbers 1-10 work is introduced first to your child. The Decimal System and Continuation of Counting come next, and we present them concurrently. Memorization Work begins once your child understands all of the exercises in the 1-10 Work and has some understanding of addition. The final area, Passage to Abstraction, occurs when your child is older, for it requires a thorough understanding of mathematical operations with all materials and the ability to understand abstract concepts.

1-10 Work

Number Work Progression

Useful Mathematical Vocabulary

The Number Rods

Sandpaper Numerals

The Number Rods with Numerals

The Spindle Boxes

Cards and Counters

Number Memory Game

Decimal System

Introduction to the Decimal System: Beads

Introduction to the Decimal System: Cards

Formation of Numbers with Beads and Cards

The Change Game

Operations of the Decimal System: Addition

Operations of the Decimal System: Subtraction

Operations of the Decimal System: Multiplication

Operations of the Decimal System: Division

Operations of the Decimal System: Division with Bows (Long Division)

Stamp Game

Dot Game

Word Problems

Continuation of Counting

Introduction of Teens with Beads

Teen Boards

Teen Boards with Beads and Cards

Tens Boards with Beads and Cards

Linear Counting: 100 and 1000 Chains

Skip Counting

Memorization Work

The Addition Snake Game

The Addition Strip Board

Addition Charts III, IV, V, and VI

The Subtraction Snake Game

The Subtraction Strip Board

Subtraction Charts II and III

Multiplication with the Bead Bars

The Multiplication Board

Multiplication Charts III, IV, and V

Unit Division Board

Division Charts I and II

Passage to Abstraction

Small Bead Frame

Wooden Hierarchy Material

Large Bead Frame

Division with Racks and Tubes


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